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動画 だから英語が話せない その傾向と対策 No. 10 [ファンクションメソッド英会話動画]


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■だから英語が話せない その傾向と対策 No.10■

  「これが英語の設計図だ!」 
 

  現在形  過去形  原形  現在分詞  過去分詞
  do, does  did   do   doing   done

【1】能動表現
【一般動詞フレーズ5段活用】
 
do volunteer work 「ボランティアをする」
=============================
(1) do(es) volunteer work  現在形動詞フレーズ 
※現在形の肯定形だけで使われる。
(2) did volunteer work  過去形動詞フレーズ
※過去形の肯定形だけで使われる。 
(3) do volunteer work  原形動詞フレーズ
※命令形,助動詞、to不定詞で使われる。
(4) doing volunteer work  ing形動詞フレーズ
※進行形や動名詞で使われる。
(5) done volunteer work  ed形動詞フレーズ 
※完了形で使われる。 
=============================

 (1)を使って 現在形・肯定形 ※現在の事実・習慣
   I do volunteer work.
   She does volunteer work.
 (2)を使って 過去形・肯定形 ※過去の一時点のこと
   I did volunteer work.
   She did volunteer work.
 (3)を使って 

 [事実表現]
   I don't do volunteer work.
   I didn't do volunteer work.
   I won't do volunteer work.

   Do you do volunteer work?
   Don't you do volunteer work?
   Did you do volunteer work?
   Didn't you do volunteer work?
   Will you do volunteer work?
   Won't you do volunteer work?

 [情緒表現] ※未来との関わり
   I can do volunteer work.
   I can't do volunteer work.
   Can you do volunteer work?
   Can't you do volunteer work?

   I am going to do volunteer work.
   I'm not going to do volunteer work.
   Are you going to do volunteer work?
   Aren't you going to do volunteer work?

   I have to do volunteer work.
   You don't have to do volunteer work.
   I had to do volunteer work.
   I will have to do volunteer work.

   I want to do volunteer work.
   I want you to do volunteer work.
   I wish to do volunteer work.
   Let me do volunteer work.

   She seems to do volunteer work.
   She doesn't seem to do volunteer work.
   Does she seem to do volunteer work?
   Doesn't she seem to do volunteer work?

 (4)を使って
 [事実表現] 
   I am doing volunteer work.
   I am not doing volunteer work.
   Are you doing volunteer work?
   Aren't you doing volunteer work?
 [情緒表現]
   I like doing volunteer work.
   I enjoy doing volunteer work.
   I finished doing volunteer work.
   I am looking forword to doing volunteer work.

 (5)を使って ※過去との関わり
 [事実表現] 
   I have ever done volunteer work.
   I have never done volunteer work.
   Have you ever done volunteer work?
   Haven't you ever done volunteer work?

 [情緒表現]
   I would have done volunteer work.
   I should have done volunteer work.
   I might have done volunteer work.

   She seems to have done volunteer work.
   She doesn't seem to have done volunteer work.
   Does she seem to have done volunteer work?
   Doesn't she seem to have done volunteer work?

【2】進行形での表現
【be動詞フレーズ5段活用】
 be doing volunteer work「ボランティアをしている」
=============================
(1) (am, are, is) doing volunteer work  現在進行形 
(2) (was, were) doing volunteer work   過去進行形 
(3) be doing volunteer work   未来進行形など
※助動詞、to不定詞で使われる。
(4) being doing volunteer work   ing形動詞フレーズ
※進行形にはならず、動名詞になる。
(5) been doing volunteer work   現在完了進行形 
※完了形で使われる。  
=============================

【2】進行形での表現
 (1)を使って 現在進行形 ※現在の継続的進行状態
   I am doing volunteer work.
   I'm not doing volunteer work.
   Are you doing volunteer work?
   Aren't you doing volunteer work?
 (2)を使って 過去進行形 ※過去の継続的進行状態
   I was doing volunteer work.
   I wasn't doing volunteer work.
   Were you doing volunteer work?
   Weren't you doing volunteer work?
 (3)を使って 未来進行形・情緒表現 ※未来への継続的進行状態
   I will be doing volunteer work.
   I won't be doing volunteer work.
   Will you be doing volunteer work?
   Won't you be doing volunteer work?

   She can be doing volunteer work.
   She might be doing volunteer work.
   She must be doing volunteer work.

   She seems to be doing volunteer work.
   She doesn't seem to be doing volunteer work.
   Does she seem to be doing volunteer work?

 (5)を使って 現在完了進行形・情緒表現 ※過去からの継続的進行状態
   I have been doing volunteer work.
   I haven't been doing volunteer work.
   Have you been doing volunteer work?
   Haven't you been doing volunteer work?

   She would have been doing volunteer work.
   She might have been doing volunteer work.
   She must have been doing volunteer work.

   She seems to have been doing volunteer work.
   She doesn't seem have been doing volunteer work.
   Does she seem to have been doing volunteer work.

【3】受身形での表現
【be動詞フレーズ5段活用】
 
be done 「(ボランティアが)~行われる」
=============================
(1) (am, are, is) done  現在受身形
(2) (was, were) done   過去受身形 
(3) be done  未来受身形
※命令形,助動詞、to不定詞で使われる。
(4) being done  現在[過去]受身進行形
※進行形や動名詞で使われる。
(5) been done  現在完了形受身形
=============================

 (1)を使って 現在受身形 ※現在の受身状態
   Volunteer work is done.
   Volunteer work isn't done.
   Is volunteer work done?
   Isn't volunteer work done?
 (2)を使って 過去受身形 ※過去の受身状態
   Volunteer work was done.
   Volunteer work wasn't done.
   Was volunteer work done?
   Wasn't volunteer work done?
 (3)を使って 未来受身形・情緒表現 ※未来の受身状態
   Volunteer work will be done.
   Volunteer work won't be done.
   Will volunteer work be done?
   Won't volunteer work be done?

   Volunteer work may be done.
   Volunteer work may not be done.
   Volunteer work can be done.
   Volunteer work can't be done.
   Volunteer work must be done.

   Volunteer work seems to be done.
   Volunteer work doesn't seem to be done.
   Does volunteer work seem to be done?

   Volunteer work needs to be done.
   Volunteer work wants to be done.

 (4)を使って 受身進行形・情緒表現 ※現在・過去の受身進行状態
   Volunteer work is being done.
   Volunteer work isn't being done.
   Is volunteer work being done?
   Isn't volunteer work being done?

   Volunteer work was being done.
   Volunteer work wasn't being done.
   Was volunteer work being done?
   Wasn't volunteer work being done?

 (5)を使って 現在完了受身形・情緒表現 ※過去との関わり
   Volunteer work has ever been done.
   Volunteer work has never been done.
   Has volunteer work ever been done?
   Hasn't volunteer work ever been done?

   Volunteer work might have been done.
   Volunteer work might not have been done.
   Volunteer work should have been done.

   Volunteer work seems to have been done.
   Volunteer work doesn't seem to have been done.

 □ do it this way   こんなふうにやる
 □ do a good job    よい仕事をする
 □ do a handstand   逆立ちする
 □ do a job      仕事をする
 □ do business     取引する、商売をする
 □ do hard work    厳しい仕事をする
 □ do one's hair   髪の毛を整える
 □ do one's nails   つめをきれいにする
 □ do homework     宿題をする
 □ do it oneself    自分でそれをする
 □ do one's duty    任務を果たす
 □ do origami      折り紙をする
 □ do the dishes    皿を洗う
 □ do the cooking    料理をする
 □ do the cleaning   クリーニングをする
 □ do the flowers    生け花をする
 □ do the garden     庭の手入れをする
 □ do the housework   家事をする

教育文法で自由に英語が話せない、あるいは語彙が増加しない、当たり前のことです.ことばはフレーズで覚えなければ、語彙として定着・蓄積しません。


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どうして日本人が英語を話せない その傾向と対策

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